What is Qi Gong?
Qi gong is an ancient practice which is over 5,000 years old pre-dates both tai chi as well as TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine). In fact, the concepts in qi gong provide one of the foundational concepts of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Qi Gong is pronounced “chi kung”. Qi translates to “Energy or Life Force” while Gong translates to “Work or Training”. The word “qi gong” is used to refer to energy related training or practice that originates from China. It is a broad term which covers many forms of exercise or movement meditation practices that involves Qi. Qi gong is an umbrella term just as the word “kung fu” is an umbrella term used in the west to refer to all martial arts that originates from China.
A qi gong form is a series of coordinated and flowing movements which requires a person to focus on body posture, movements, breathing and mental thoughts. Qi gong activates the naturally occurring physiological as well as psychological mechanisms of self-repair and health recovery. So far, there are over 75 forms identified in the ancient pictogram literature. These ancient qi gong forms provide the origins to the thousands of qi gong forms practiced today.
To understand the various ancient forms, it’s best to categorize the forms into Hard Qi Gong or Soft Qi Gong.
Hard Qi Gong
Hard Qi Gong is a skill used to train martial artists. It trains the body to withstand blows that would normally incapacitate a person. Practicing hard qi gong involves meditation and breathing techniques to allow the body to train under adverse conditions to toughen up the muscles, skin and bones. An example of hard qi gong would be Shaolin monks breaking bricks on their heads or bending a spear with their throat.
Soft Qi Gong
Soft Qi Gong involves cultivating the flow of qi within our bodies. Sometimes Soft Qi Gong is referred to as Yang Sheng Qi Gong, where Yang translates to “cultivate” and Sheng translates to “Life”. Soft Qi Gong is what most of us practice for a long, healthy and vital life.
The focus of soft qi gong is on the internal mechanisms of maintaining and recovering our spiritual, mental and physical health. Within the practice of Soft qi gong, there are two types or categories: Static Qi Gong and Dynamic Qi Gong.
Static Qi Gong
Static Qigong typically requires little or no motion of the body and includes sitting and standing exercises. There are multitudes of varying forms of qi gong practices in this realm, they are sometimes referred to as Medical qi gong or Meditative qi gong.
The movement of Qi (life force or energy) within our body is an unconscious occurrence which our body does naturally to remove energy blockages every minute of our life. However sometimes blockages occur that cannot be readily removed because the Yin and Yang in our body is out of balance.
Static qi gong practices typically aim to balance the Yin and Yang in the body to cleanse, re-energize, balance and harmonize the internal organs. When our internal organs are functioning well, they help our Qi or energy flow and help us prevent or remove the blockages.
To improve our Qi or energy flow, Static Qi Gong practices utilize:
- Gentle movements
Qi helps us stay healthy, prevent illnesses and enhance the body’s natural healing process. Meditation and visualization plays a vital role in training the mind to direct and regulate Qi (energy flow) in the body.
Dynamic Qi Gong
Dynamic qi gong is a practice of body movements as well as many body postures. The movements are arranged into a flowing series called a form. The most popular of the original ancient Qigong forms are still being practiced today. These original ancient Qigong forms include: Yi Jin Jing (Muscle-Tendon Changing Classic), Ba Duan Jin (Eight Section Brocade), Wu Qin Xi (Five Animals) and Lui Zi Jue (Six Healing Sounds).
At our studio, we practice:
- Tendon Changing Classic (Yì Jīn Jīng 易筋经)
- Five Animals (Wu Qin Xi 五禽戲)
- Six Healing Sounds (Liu Zi Jue 六字訣
- Eight Section Brocade (Ba Duan Jin 八段錦)
- Tai Chi Yang Sheng Zhang (太极养生杖): a tai chi form from the stick tradition
- Mawangdui Daoyin (马王堆导引术): guiding qi along the meridians with synchronous movement and awareness
- Da Wu (大舞): choreographed exercises to lubricate joints and guide qi
When practicing dynamic qi gong movements, slow and natural breathing coordinated with body movements will stimulate the energy flow through your body. In addition, the soft tissues of the body will get a good work out when the postures and movements have you contorting gently to stretch specific muscles, tendons and / or ligaments. These slow moving motions end with specific body postures around specific meridian lines of the body so that each meridian is cleared of any blockages which may adversely affect health and cause illness.
Throughout the form, we lead people to focus on relaxing and breathing slowly and gently into the dantian (diaphragmatic breathing) to open up the body for improved circulation and delivery of oxygen to all the deepest recesses as well as distant extremities of our body.
Physically, many of the qi gong movements incorporate deep squats or intentional tensing of muscles in order to strengthen the body. Qi gong enhances our muscles and soft tissue not only energetically but physically through stretching as well as strengthening techniques.
In addition, the qi gong forms use phonation of sounds to amplify energy to create a vibration through specific meridian lines which not only releases the blockages but it also gets us to focus on the production of the phonetical sounds while remaining aware of the vibrational effects.
For the mind, qi gong practice engages our mental focus to calm and relax our mental state. The forms are challenging enough that we need to be present with our bodies to perform movements and enter specific postures designed to work around meridian lines of our bodies.
Qi gong movements are practiced slowly for a number of reasons:
- To prevent injury when stretching muscles, tendons, ligaments
- To allow the body to relax and open up the pathways for the flow of qi or energy
- To allow the mind to focus on the flow of qi within our bodies
Qi Gong for Balance and Whole Body, Mind & Spirit Health
The goal of Qi Gong is to strengthen and balance the mind, body and spirit. Strengthening our whole self helps our body’s natural ability to combat illnesses and improve physical and mental functioning. Continued practice of Qigong can help improve the following conditions:
- high blood pressure
- asthma and allergy reactions
- anxiety, depression and overall mood disturbances
It can also:
- improve balance
- boost the immune system
- slows down the aging process
- increase breathing capacity
Practicing Qigong regularly improves our overall well-being. It is a natural and holistic way to be in charge of our body physically and emotionally. The more one practices Qigong, the more Qi you will develop internally and the more energetic you will feel.
To quote Hua Tuo, patriarch of Chinese medicine and early Qigong master (second century AD), “Just as a door hinge will not rust if it is used, so the body will attain health by gently moving and exercising all of the limbs”.
Come join our Qi Gong classes today to learn this ancient practice for health and vitality.